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COVID vaccines

Who will be eligible to receive the vaccine?

The COVID-19 vaccination will be free for:

* all Medicare-eligible Australians
* all visa-holders, excluding visa sub-classes 771 (Transit), 600 (Tourist stream), 651 (eVisitor) and 601 (Electronic Travel Authority).

While the Australian Government strongly supports immunisation it is not mandatory and individuals may choose not to vaccinate.

PhaseEligible populations
1aQuarantine and border workers
Frontline healthcare worker sub-groups for prioritisation
Aged care and disability care staff
Aged care and disability care residents
1b Elderly adults aged 80 years and over
Elderly adults aged 70-79 years
Other health care workers
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people > 55
Younger adults with an underlying medical condition, including those with a disability
Critical and high risk workers including defence, police, fire, emergency services and meat processing
2aAdults aged 60-69 years
Adults aged 50-59 years
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 18- 54
Other critical and high risk workers
2b Balance of adult population
3 Under 18 year olds if recommended

Vaccination locations

Vaccination locations will be established across metropolitan, regional, rural and remote Australia.
Around 30-50 locations will be established as ongoing 'Hospital Hubs' in urban and rural Australia. The sites of these are being finalised in conjunction with States and Territories. They will manage cold chain storage and Pfizer vaccine only and will provide a distribution hub for hospital, quarantine and border staff and residential aged care and disability residents and staff.
A further 1000+ locations will manage and distribute the AstraZeneca vaccine. These sites will include GP Respiratory clinics, general practices, state/territory vaccination clinics and Aboriginal Controlled Health Organisation clinics. These locations will be determined via an expression of interest process which will be open shortly.

Vaccine types

  1. Pfizer/BioNTech Vaccine
    If the vaccine is proven to be safe and effective, and is approved for use, it will be available from early 2021. This vaccine is currently being rolled out across the United Kingdom (UK), european Union (EU) and and the United States of America (USA).
    Administration: 2 doses will be required approximately one month apart
    Side effects: In the trials, the vaccine was generally well-tolerated, and an independent data monitoring committee reported no serious safety concerns. The worst side effects were fatigue and headaches after the second dose. Around four per cent of people reported fatigue and two per cent a headache. Other side effects were pain at the injection site and myalgia.
    With the roll out of the vaccine in the UK, there have been reports of two people with a history of allergies who have had serious adverse reactions to the vaccine. These are being investigated to determine causality.
    Storage: For long-term storage (approximately six months) the vaccine must be kept at -70° C, which requires specialist cooling equipment. Pfizer has a distribution container that keeps the vaccine at that temperature for 10 days if unopened. These containers can be used for temporary storage in a vaccination facility for up to 30 days if they are replenished with dry ice every five days. Once thawed, the vaccine can be stored at 2°C to 8°C for up to five days.
    General comments:
    It is still unclear if the vaccine provides immunity for the disease as well as preventing infection.
    In the UK, roll out to pregnant women and children is not included due to lack of testing in these groups.
    Early data has been provided to the TGA and there be will be an application for provisional approval for use in Australia.
    The 10 million doses secured by Australia will be manufactured in the United States of America, Belgium and Germany.

  2. University of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine
    If the vaccine is proven to be safe and effective, and is approved for use, it will be available from early 2021.
    Administration: Based on current trials it is likely two doses will be required approximately one month apart
    Side effects: Side effects have been reported as minimal, however, there appears to be limited information on what these side effects are
    Storage: The vaccine can be stored at temperatures between 2°C to 8°C
    General comments:
    Early trials suggest the vaccine may prevent asymptomatic infection, however, more research is required before this can be verified.
    Australia has secured the delivery of 3.8 million doses in early 2021 and 30 million doses will be manufactured in Australia by the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL).


Index of general public information

Covid-19 Notices
Flu Shot
Emergency Numbers
After Hours 13 74 25
Local Pharmacies

General Information

Pseudoephedrine - Misuse of decongestants

What are decongestants?
These medicines help reduce the swelling in your nasal passages and ease the stuffiness and sinus pressure. They come as nasal sprays, like naphazoline (Privine), or phenylephrine (Sinex). They also come as pills, such as phenylephrine (Sudafed PE) and pseudoephedrine (Sudafed).

Don’t use a decongestant you take by mouth for more than a week without checking with your doctor. You shouldn’t use a decongestant nasal spray for more than 3 days, or it could make your congestion worse. Never give decongestants or any over-the-counter cold medicine to children under age 4.

Rebound congestion
Decongestant nasal sprays can help reduce nasal congestion when you have a cold. But after a few days, the lining of your nose may become less responsive to the medication. You may need more and more nasal spray to control congestion. If you stop using the medication, your congestion may get worse. This is known as rebound congestion. What's the fix? If you have rebound congestion, stop using the spray and wait. Call your doctor if you need help. To prevent rebound congestion, use decongestant spray for no more than a few days in a row.

Pseudoephedrine - what the fuss?
Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant which acts vascular smooth muscle in the respiratory tract. It is used for the relief of congestion associated with conditions such as acute and chronic rhinitis, sinusitis, otitis media and the common cold.

For some time now, pseudoephedrine has been targeted for non-therapeutic purposes. All forms (single ingredient and compound solid dose forms, liquid preparations and raw powder) are being used in the manufacture of amphetamines in clandestine laboratories for the illicit drug market. Recent reports confirm that most of the methamphetamine now available on Australia's illicit drug market is produced from pseudoephedrine-containing medicines diverted from community pharmacy.

More from psa.org.au

The information in the above were collected from the internet,
either from government websites or from reasonably reliable health information sources.
They are for general information only and should not replace the need of seeking medical care during illnesses.

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