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|AVOCA STREET MEDICAL CENTRE|
130 Avoca Street Randwick NSW 2031
Tel: 02 9399 3335 - Fax: 02 9399 9778
avocastreet.com - asmc.net.au - randwickhealth.com - randwickgp.com - familydoctor.sydney
Dr. Mandy Chuang
What to do after being diagnosed?
For many people, being diagnosed with gestational diabetes can be upsetting. However, it is important to remember that the majority of women with gestational diabetes have a healthy pregnancy, normal delivery and a healthy baby. The treatment is healthy eating, physical activity and monitoring and maintaining a normal blood glucose level while you are pregnant. Read more about managing gestational diabetes.
Risks of developing type 2 diabetes
While maternal blood glucose levels usually return to normal after birth, there is an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. The baby may also be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
What causes gestational diabetes?
In pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that help the baby grow and develop. These hormones also block the action of the motherís insulin. This is called insulin resistance. Because of this insulin resistance, the need for insulin in pregnancy is 2 to 3 times higher than normal. If you already have insulin resistance, then your body may not be able to cope with the extra demand for insulin production and the blood glucose (sugar) levels will be higher resulting in gestational diabetes being diagnosed.
When the pregnancy is over and blood glucose levels return to normal the diabetes disappears, however this insulin resistance increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in later life.
Management, care and treatment
Gestational diabetes can often initially be managed with healthy eating and regular physical activity. However, for some women with gestational diabetes, insulin injections will be necessary for the rest of the pregnancy. Read more about managing gestational diabetes.
More from www.diabetesaustralia.com.au
The information in the above were collected from the internet,
either from government websites or from reasonably reliable health information sources.
They are for general information only and should not replace the need of seeking medical care during illnesses.